La legion Lamy par Nancy Hanks

dimanche 16 avril 2006
par  JML

"The individual Histories of Secular Clergy Serving in the Archdiocese of Santa Fe from 1850 to 1912"

Cette introduction est tirée du livre de Nancy Hanks : "LAMY’S LEGION, the individual Histories of Secular Clergy Serving in the Archdiocese of Santa Fe from 1850 to 1912".

HRM Books : Santa Fe, NewMexico PO Box 31235 Santa Fe, New Mexico ISBN 0-9665859-1-7


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Couverture du livre de Nancy Hanks

INTRODUCTION DU LIVRE DE NANCY HANKS


« With the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the United States annexed New Mexico as a territory. Ecclesiastical control was passed from the diocese of Durango, within the Mexican Catholic Church, to Baltimore, Maryland, and the
United States Catholic Church.
By this time, 1850, Catholicism had become the single largest re1igious denomination in the United States.
To minister to this growing congregation, North American Catholic bishops turned to Europe - particularly to France - to recruit new clergy. As a result, between 1789 and 1865, twenty-four of the 100 priests who became bishops in America were born in France.
At the Catholic Church’s Second Plenary Council of Baltimore in October 1866, ten of the forty-five bishops in attendance had been born in France, a proportion much greater than the relatively small number of French
Catholic immigrants in the United States.

The bishop assigned to New Mexico was French-born Jean Baptiste Lamy, a secular priest who had most recently served in Covington, Kentucky. Lamy had been schooled in Clermont-Ferrand, France, and he attended the nearby French diocesan seminary of Montferrand, which was administered by the Sulpicians, a teaching order considered to be "priests’.

In 1850, Lamy was appointed to administer the Vicariate Apostolic of New Mexico, an enormous area that included all of the present-day states of New Mexico and Arizona (except the Gadsden Purchase area) and parts of Colorado and Nevada. Upon his arrival in 1851, Lamy found about twenty native Hispano secular clergy working in New Mexico.
As the population of New Mexico Territory increased rapidly with the United States’ occupation, Lamy’s Vicariate was elevated to the Diocese of Santa Fe in 1853 and to the Archdiocese of Santa Fe in 1875.

With each administrative change, diocesan boundaries also changed ; Arizona and Colorado eventually broke off to become dioceses of their own, although they were still under the control of the Archdiocese of Santa Fe. (Nevada joined the Archdiocese of San Francisco.) As Lamy’s title changed through the years—from vicar apostolic to bishop to archbishop—he always looked to France to recruit his parish priests for New Mexico. As a result, French clergy comprised almost three-quarters (114) of the estimated total of 160 secular clergy who served there, and Lamy was succeeded by a series of four French archbishops in New Mexico. In a very real sense, Lamy’s legacy to New Mexico is this legion of French secular clergy.

Lamy’s Legion contains the priests individual histories plus a list of parishes, with each priest listed for each year that he served there. There is also a "References" section at the end, which provides a full citation for each note in the text. Each priest is listed alphabetically, and under his name is the route he took to Santa Fe, when he arrived, any other names he might have had, and any miscellaneous information about him.

Following that is a year-by-year listing of his activities, if known. Information from the files of Fray Angelico Châvez or Paul Horgan is cited as such. When there was a complete transcription from their files, it is noted. Most of the material cornes directly from the files of the Clergy of the Archdiocese of Santa Fe, and the syntax and grammar are taken verbatim from those records. The rest is taken from the cited references, except my own comments, which are in text that is not
indented. »


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Quatrième de couverture du livre de Nancy Hanks


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